There is considerable genetic, linguistic, cultural, artistic, and social diversity among the many Malay subgroups, mainly due to hundreds of years of immigration and assimilation of various regional ethnicity and tribes within Maritime Southeast Asia. Historically, the Malay population is descended primarily from the earlier Malayic -speaking Austronesians and Austroasiatic tribes who founded several ancient maritime trading states and kingdoms, notably Brunei , Kedah , Langkasuka , Gangga Negara , Chi Tu , Nakhon Si Thammarat , Pahang , Melayu and Srivijaya. The advent of the Malacca Sultanate in the 15th century triggered a major revolution in Malay history, the significance of which lies in its far-reaching political and cultural legacy. Common definitive markers of a Malayness — the religion of Islam , the Malay language and traditions — are thought to have been promulgated during this era, resulting in the ethnogenesis of the Malay as a major ethnoreligious group in the region. The golden age of the Malay sultanates in the Malay Peninsula , Sumatra and Borneo saw many of their inhabitants, particularly from various tribal communities like the Batak , Dayak , Orang Asli and the Orang Laut become subject to Islamisation and Malayisation.
Malays (ethnic group)
Malay world - Wikipedia
The use of the term ' Malay ' in much of the conceptualisation is largely based on the prevalent Malay cultural influence , manifested in particular through the spread of Malay language in Southeast Asia as observed by different colonial powers during the Age of Discovery. The concept in its broadest territorial stretch may apply to a region synonymous with Austronesia, homeland to the Austronesian peoples , that extends from Easter Island in the east to Madagascar in the west. In a narrower sense, the Malay world has been used as a synonym for Malay sprachraum , referring to the Malay-speaking countries and territories of Southeast Asia , where different standards of Malay are the national languages or a variety of it is an important minority language. The term in this sense encompasses Brunei , Indonesia , Malaysia , Singapore and Southern Thailand , and is sometimes used interchangeably with the concepts of ' Malay Archipelago ' and ' Nusantara '. Alternatively, modern scholars correct these extended notions of the Malay world, defining it as a political and cultural area instead. In this context, the Malay world is reduced to a region that is homeland to the Malay people , historically ruled by different Malay sultanates , where various Malay dialects and cultural values are predominant. This area includes the Malay Peninsula , the coastal areas of Sumatra and Borneo and the smaller islands in between.
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